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AN INTEGRATED FRAMEWORK FOR MODELING, ROBUST COORDINATED CONTROL, AND POWER MANAGEMENT OF ADVANCED POWERTRAINS FEATURING TURBOCHARGED ENGINES
Engine downsizing with the assistance of turbomachinery and/or energy storage system has been realized to be one of the most promising and cost-effective solutions in pursuit of cleaner and more efficient engine products. Fundamental challenges however, exist in terms of control and energy management of advanced powertrain featuring turbocharged engines due to their complex dynamics, inherent coupling nature, and strict emission regulations concerning environmental preservation. For the purpose of addressing those challenges, this dissertation develops an integrated framework for modeling, robust coordinated control, and power management of advanced powertrains featuring turbocharged engines.
This dissertation first studies an advanced turbocharged lean-burn SI natural gas engine manufactured by Caterpillar, and develops an intuitive physics-based, control-oriented model. The obtained control-oriented model is validated against a high-fidelity truth-reference model and serves as the basis on which a robust coordinated control system is developed. The dissertation then proposes a comprehensive procedure for synthesizing a robust coordinated control system applying optimization-based H_infinity control theory. Specifically, this framework outlines a methodology of modeling uncertainties to account for system robustness, and providing valuable insights into the tuning of general coordinated control system design. For performance testing, the synthesized robust coordinated control system is implemented on the high-fidelity truth-reference model. A parallel closed-loop simulation strategy is adopted so that direct comparison between the robust coordinated control system and benchmark production control system (composed of multiple fine-tuned PID controllers) developed by Caterpillar can be carried out. Simulation results manage to demonstrate the merit of utilizing the robust coordinated control system, with better performances observed in terms of steady-state tracking, transient response, and disturbance attenuation.
The second part of this dissertation focuses on the development of a proposed novel hybrid electric wheel loader which features a downsized engine assisted by turbocharger and an energy storage system. Research efforts documented in this dissertation involve system configuration, controller design (both component-level and supervisory-level), simulation development (both software-in-the-loop and hardware-in-the-loop) and simulated validation for the proposed novel wheel loader. Inspired by the successful simulation results, John Deere assembled a real demo vehicle with the proposed powertrain and conducted some in-field testing, from which encouraging experimental results are observed.
- Doctor of Philosophy
- Mechanical Engineering
- West Lafayette