Purdue University Graduate School
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posted on 2023-10-04, 12:32 authored by Alekhya BhamidipatiAlekhya Bhamidipati

Accurate 3D point clouds are crucial in various fields, and the advancement of software algorithms has facilitated the reconstruction of 3D models from high-quality images. Notably, both single-camera and multi-camera systems have gained popularity in obtaining these images. While single-camera setups offer simplicity and cost-effectiveness, multi-camera systems provide a broader field of view and improved coverage. However, a crucial gap persists, a lack of direct comparison and comprehensive analysis regarding the quality of point clouds acquired from each system. This thesis aims to bridge this gap by evaluating the point cloud quality obtained from both single-camera and multi-camera systems, considering various factors such as lighting conditions, camera settings, and the stability of multi-camera setup in the 3D reconstruction process. Our research also aims to provide insights into how these factors influence the quality and performance of the reconstructed point clouds. By understanding the strengths and limitations of each system, researchers and professionals can make informed decisions when selecting the most suitable 3D imaging approach for their specific applications. To achieve these objectives, we designed and utilized a custom rig with three vertically stacked cameras, each equipped with a fixed camera lens, and maintained uniform lighting conditions. Additionally, we employed a single-camera system with a zoom lens and non uniform lighting conditions. Through noise analysis, our results revealed several crucial findings. The single-camera system exhibited relatively higher noise levels, likely due to non-uniform lighting and the use of a zoom lens. In contrast, the multi-camera system demonstrated lower noise levels, which can be attributed to well-lit conditions and the use of fixed lenses. However, within the multi-camera system, instances of significant instability led to a substantial increase in noise levels in the reconstructed point cloud compared to more stable conditions. Our noise analysis showed the multi-camera system preformed better compared to the single-camera system in terms of noise quality. However, it is crucial to recognize that noise detection also revealed the influence of factors like lighting conditions, camera calibration and camera stability of multi-camera systems on the reconstruction process.


Degree Type

  • Master of Science


  • Civil Engineering

Campus location

  • West Lafayette

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Jinha Jung

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee co-chair

Ayman Habib

Additional Committee Member 2

Melba Crawford