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AUTOMATING BIG VISUAL DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYTICS TOWARD LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT OF ENGINEERING SYSTEMS

thesis
posted on 09.09.2022, 14:39 authored by Jongseong ChoiJongseong Choi
Images have become a ubiquitous and efficient data form to record information. Use of this option for data capture has largely increased due to the widespread availability of image sensors and sensor platforms (e.g., smartphones and drones), the simplicity of this approach for broad groups of users, and our pervasive access to the internet as one class of infrastructure in itself. Such data contains abundant visual information that can be exploited to automate asset assessment and management tasks that traditionally are manually conducted for engineering systems. Automation of the data collection, extraction and analytics is however, key to realizing the use of these data for decision-making. Despite recent advances in computer vision and machine learning techniques extracting information from an image, automation of these real-world tasks has been limited thus far. This is partly due to the variety of data and the fundamental challenges associated with each domain. Due to the societal demands for access to and steady operation of our infrastructure systems, this class of systems represents an ideal application where automation can have high impact. Extensive human involvement is required at this time to perform everyday procedures such as organizing, filtering, and ranking of the data before executing analysis techniques, consequently, discouraging engineers from even collecting large volumes of data. To break down these barriers, methods must be developed and validated to speed up the analysis and management of data over the lifecycle of infrastructure systems. In this dissertation, big visual data collection and analysis methods are developed with the goal of reducing the burden associated with human manual procedures. The automated capabilities developed herein are focused on applications in lifecycle visual assessment and are intended to exploit large volumes of data collected periodically over time. To demonstrate the methods, various classes of infrastructure, commonly located in our communities, are chosen for validating this work because they: (i) provide commodities and service essential to enable, sustain, or enhance our lives; and (ii) require a lifecycle structural assessment in a high priority. To validate those capabilities, applications of infrastructure assessment are developed to achieve multiple approaches of big visual data such as region-of-interest extraction, orthophoto generation, image localization, object detection, and image organization using convolution neural networks (CNNs), depending on the domain of lifecycle assessment needed in the target infrastructure. However, this research can be adapted to many other applications where monitoring and maintenance are required over their lifecycle.

Funding

NSF-1645047

NSF-1835473

NSF-1513248

New Horizons program at Purdue University

Indiana Joint Transportation Research Program SPR-4006

History

Degree Type

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Mechanical Engineering

Campus location

West Lafayette

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Shirley J. Dyke

Additional Committee Member 2

Mohammad R. Jahanshahi

Additional Committee Member 3

David Cappelleri

Additional Committee Member 4

Song Zhang