Amine-Boranes: Synthesis and Applications

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Amine-Boranes: Synthesis and Applications

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posted on 30.04.2021, 15:12 by Henry J Hamann
Reported herein is a brief summary of the history, properties, and applications of amine-boranes. The past methods devised for their preparation are described and the routes used to produce the compounds used in the work presented here are detailed. Building on prior synthetic approaches to amine-boranes, a new carbon dioxide mediated synthesis is presented. Proceeding through a monoacyloxyborane intermediate, the borane complexes of ammonia, primary, secondary, tertiary, and heteroaromatic amine are provided in 53-99% yields. Utilizing the amine-boranes obtained from the methods described, two divergent methods for direct amidation are introduced. The first uses amine-boranes as dual-purpose reagents, where the carboxylic acid is first activated by the borane moiety to form a triacyloxyborane-amine complex. This allows the delivery of the coordinated amine to form the amide products. A series of primary, secondary, and tertiary amides were prepared in 55-99% yields using this protocol, which displays a broad functional group tolerance. Extended from this dual-purpose methodology, a catalytic amidation is described. Utilizing ammonia-borane as a substoichiometric (10%) catalyst, a series of secondary and tertiary amide are prepared directly from carboxylic acids and amines in 59-99% yields, including amines containing typically borane reactive functionalities including alcohols, thiols, and alkenes. Amine-boranes are additionally used in two borylation methodologies. By reaction with n-butyl lithium, the amine-boranes are converted to the corresponding lithium aminoborohydrides, which upon reaction with a terminal alkyne provides the alkynyl borane-amine complexes in 65-98% yields. This process is compatible with both alkenes and internal alkynes, as well as a range of aprotic functionalities. A new strategy for aminoborane synthesis is also described and applied to the borylation of haloarenes. Activation of a series of amine-boranes with iodine produces the iodinated amine-borane, which undergoes dehydrohalogenation with an appropriate base to produce either monomeric or dimeric aminoboranes. Several aminoboranes were synthesized exclusively as the monomeric species, which due to their greater reactivity, were used directly in the synthesis of a series of aryl boronates in 65-99% yields.

History

Degree Type

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Chemistry

Campus location

West Lafayette

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Veeraraghavan Ramachandran

Additional Committee Member 2

Christopher Uyeda

Additional Committee Member 3

Timothee Pourpoint

Additional Committee Member 4

Jianguo Mei