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BURST-MODE MOLECULAR FILTERED RAYLEIGH SCATTERING FOR GAS-DYNAMIC MEASUREMENTS
From transonic to hypersonic regimes, the characterization of high-speed flow dynamics is critical for the development, testing, and improvement of launch and reentry vehicles, boost-glide vehicles, and thermal protection systems. The design of this technology often relies on computational/empirical models for predictions which make quantitative thermodynamic measurements crucial for numerical validation. Laser diagnostic techniques facilitate non-intrusive, in situ measurements of fluid dynamic properties as well as visualization of flows, shocks, and boundary layer interactions. However, many diagnostics rely on seeding the flow with foreign materials to make measurements, such as the application of particle image velocimetry (PIV), Doppler global velocimetry (DGV), and planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF). Molecular filtered Rayleigh scattering (FRS) diagnostics are attractive for flow characterization due to the fact that pressure, temperature, density and velocity measurements can be made directly from air or N2 molecules without the need for seeding materials. The development of the burst-mode laser (BML) has enabled high-energy pulses generated at the rates necessary to resolve phenomena such as instabilities in boundary-layers and shock-wave evolution using Rayleigh scattering methods. The goal of this dissertation is to advance molecular burst-mode FRS for quantitative, high resolution, multi-parameter measurements. For fixed-wavelength FRS measurements, the spectral characteristics of a BML system were investigated and improved by integrating an etalon for spectral-gating. For multi-parameter measurements, two strategies for wavelength-agility, the ability to quickly switch between two or more laser wavelengths, of the BML were explored: frequency-scanning and frequency-shifting. The frequency-scanning FRS (FS-FRS) technique measurement rate was increased to 1 kHz and demonstrated for 1-ms pressure, temperature, and radial velocity measurements in an underexpanded jet flow. Building upon this, an acousto-optic modulator-based method was implemented to generate frequency-shifted pulses. The rapid frequency-shifting increased the effective FRS multi-parameter measurement rate to 25 kHz and planar pressure, temperature, and radial velocity measurements were captured in an overexpanded jet flow. Finally, design tools for the laser configuration of wavelength-agile FRS were developed for the optimization of relative absolute measurement errors.
IN-SITU TEMPERATURE, VELOCITY, AND DENSITY MEASUREMENTS IN HIGH-SPEED FLOWS USING BURST-MODE FILTERED RAYLEIGH SCATTERING
National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationFind out more...
- Doctor of Philosophy
- Mechanical Engineering
- West Lafayette