Purdue University Graduate School
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Binucleating Ligands: Design and Reactivity

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posted on 2022-06-21, 14:06 authored by Michael BehlenMichael Behlen

Pincer ligands are a cornerstone of modern transition metal catalysis. An increasing interest in bimetallic catalysis motivated us to develop binucleating variants of these mononucleating ligands. Expanded variants of the PDI and PyBOX ligands were targeted, leading to the development of the Naphthyridine Diimine (“NDI”) and Naphthyridine Bisoxazoline (“NapBOX”) ligands, respectively. Metalation of NDI with appropriate metal precursors yielded Fe2, Co2 and Ni2 complexes which exhibited unique stoichiometric and catalytic reactivity. Metalation of the NapBOX ligand with nickel carboxylate salts yielded Ni2 complexes which were capable of catalyzing an asymmetric intermolecular [4+1] cycloaddition reaction between 1,1-dichloroalkene-derived vinylidenes and 1,3-dienes. Each of these processes were studied experimentally and computationally in order to understand the fundamental reactivity of organic substrates across metal-metal bonds.


Degree Type

  • Doctor of Philosophy


  • Chemistry

Campus location

  • West Lafayette

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Christopher Uyeda

Additional Committee Member 2

Jianguo Mei

Additional Committee Member 3

Lyudmila Slipchenko

Additional Committee Member 4

David McMillin