Conner Valuch - Thesis 2021.pdf (1.91 MB)
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CHARACTERIZATION AND ASSESSMENT OF LUNG AND BONE MARROW DERIVED ENDOTHELIAL CELLS AND THEIR BONE REGENERATIVE POTENTIAL

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posted on 10.12.2021, 16:36 authored by Conner Riley ValuchConner Riley Valuch

Fracture repair is costly and difficult to treat. One of the main causations of nonunion is a lack of essential blood supply. The needed blood is supplied by the growth of new blood vessels, a process known as angiogenesis, that invade the damaged tissue early in the healing process. We proposed using bone tissue engineering as an effective therapy. This therapy uses stem cells to aid in tissue regeneration. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) were selected due to their ability to form tube-like networks in vitro. EPCs were isolated from murine bone marrow and lung tissue. We tested EPC’s tube forming, proliferative, and wound migration ability in vitro. To test their ability in vivo we created a femoral fracture in young and old mice. EPCs were seeded to the fracture site upon a collagen scaffold. The in vitro studies displayed that the bone marrow and lung-derived endothelial cells presented EPC traits. In the mouse fracture model bone marrow, endothelial cells did not significantly improve the healing process. In the future, we want to improve our cell extraction and purification method, as well as test a new stem cell delivery biomaterial. We also want to select and use a growth factor (GF) that can help to promote bone regeneration in tandem with the EPCs.

History

Degree Type

Master of Science

Department

Biological Sciences

Campus location

Indianapolis

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Jiliang Li

Additional Committee Member 2

James Marrs

Additional Committee Member 3

Melissa Kacena