Purdue University Graduate School
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Crash Risk Analysis of Coordinated Signalized Intersections

thesis
posted on 2023-12-08, 14:35 authored by Qiming GuoQiming Guo

The emergence of time-dependent data provides researchers with unparalleled opportunities to investigate disaggregated levels of safety performance on roadway infrastructures. A disaggregated crash risk analysis uses both time-dependent data (e.g., hourly traffic, speed, weather conditions and signal controls) and fixed data (e.g., geometry) to estimate hourly crash probability. Despite abundant research on crash risk analysis, coordinated signalized intersections continue to require further investigation due to both the complexity of the safety problem and the relatively small number of past studies that investigated the risk factors of coordinated signalized intersections. This dissertation aimed to develop robust crash risk prediction models to better understand the risk factors of coordinated signalized intersections and to identify practical safety countermeasures. The crashes first were categorized into three types (same-direction, opposite-direction, and right-angle) within several crash-generating scenarios. The data needed were organized in hourly observations and included the following factors: road geometric features, traffic movement volumes, speeds, weather precipitation and temperature, and signal control settings. Assembling hourly observations for modeling crash risk was achieved by synchronizing and linking data sources organized at different time resolutions. Three different non-crash sampling strategies were applied to the following three statistical models (Conditional Logit, Firth Logit, and Mixed Logit) and two machine learning models (Random Forest and Penalized Support Vector Machine). Important risk factors, such as the presence of light rain, traffic volume, speed variability, and vehicle arrival pattern of downstream, were identified. The Firth Logit model was selected for implementation to signal coordination practice. This model turned out to be most robust based on its out-of-sample prediction performance and its inclusion of important risk factors. The implementation examples of the recommended crash risk model to building daily risk profiles and to estimating the safety benefits of improved coordination plans demonstrated the model’s practicality and usefulness in improving safety at coordinated signals by practicing engineers.

History

Degree Type

  • Doctor of Philosophy

Department

  • Civil Engineering

Campus location

  • West Lafayette

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Dr. Andrew P. Tarko

Additional Committee Member 2

Dr. Konstantina Gkritza

Additional Committee Member 3

Dr. Yiheng Feng

Additional Committee Member 4

Dr. Xiao Wang

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