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DIPOLE-DIPOLE INTERACTIONS IN ORDERED AND DISORDERED NANOPHOTONIC MEDIA
Dipole-dipole interactions are ubiquitous fundamental physical phenomena that govern physical effects such as Casimir Forces, van der Waals forces, collective Lamb shifts, cooperative decay, and resonance energy transfer. These interactions are associated with real and virtual photon exchange between the interacting emitters. Such interactions are crucial in realizing quantum memories, novel super-radiant light sources, and light-harvesting devices. Owing to this, the control and modification of dipole-dipole interactions have been a longstanding theme. The electromagnetic environment plays a crucial role in enhancing the range and strength of the interactions. This work focuses on modifying the nanophotonic environment near interacting emitters to enhance dipole-dipole interactions instead of spontaneous emission. To this end, we focus on engineering the nanophotonic environment to enhance the strength and range of dipole-dipole interactions between an ensemble of emitters. We explore ordered and disordered nanophotonic structures. We experimentally demonstrate long-range dipole-dipole interactions mediated by surface lattice resonances in a periodic plasmonic nanoparticle lattice. Further, the modified electromagnetic environment reduces the apparent dimensionality of the interacting system compared to non-resonant in-homogeneous and homogeneous environments. We also develop a spectral domain inverse design technique for the accelerated discovery of disordered metamaterials with unique spectral features.
Further, we explore the novel regimes of light localization at near-zero-index in such disordered media. The disordered near-zero-index medium reveals enhanced localization and near-field chirality. This work paves the way to engineer the electromagnetic nanophotonic environment to realize enhanced long-range dipole-dipole interactions.
- Doctor of Philosophy
- Electrical and Computer Engineering
- West Lafayette