Purdue University Graduate School
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Data-Driven Computing and Networking Solution for Securing Cyber-Physical Systems

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thesis
posted on 2024-05-03, 16:07 authored by Yifu WuYifu Wu

In recent years, a surge in data-driven computation has significantly impacted security analysis in cyber-physical systems (CPSs), especially in decentralized environments. This transformation can be attributed to the remarkable computational power offered by high-performance computers (HPCs), coupled with advancements in distributed computing techniques and sophisticated learning algorithms like deep learning and reinforcement learning. Within this context, wireless communication systems and decentralized computing systems emerge as highly suitable environments for leveraging data-driven computation in security analysis. Our research endeavors have focused on exploring the vast potential of various deep learning algorithms within the CPS domains. We have not only delved into the intricacies of existing algorithms but also designed novel approaches tailored to the specific requirements of CPSs. A pivotal aspect of our work was the development of a comprehensive decentralized computing platform prototype, which served as the foundation for simulating complex networking scenarios typical of CPS environments. Within this framework, we harnessed deep learning techniques such as restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) and deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) to address critical security concerns such as the detection of Quality of Service (QoS) degradation and Denial of Service (DoS) attacks in smart grids. Our experimental results showcased the superior performance of deep learning-based approaches compared to traditional pattern-based methods. Additionally, we devised a decentralized computing system that encompassed a novel decentralized learning algorithm, blockchain-based learning automation, distributed storage for data and models, and cryptography mechanisms to bolster the security and privacy of both data and models. Notably, our prototype demonstrated excellent efficacy, achieving a fine balance between model inference performance and confidentiality. Furthermore, we delved into the integration of domain knowledge from CPSs into our deep learning models. This integration shed light on the vulnerability of these models to dedicated adversarial attacks. Through these multifaceted endeavors, we aim to fortify the security posture of CPSs while unlocking the full potential of data-driven computation in safeguarding critical infrastructures.

Funding

RNCP: A RESILIENT NETWORKING AND COMPUTING PARADIGM FOR NASA SPACE EXPLORATION

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

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History

Degree Type

  • Doctor of Philosophy

Department

  • Technology

Campus location

  • West Lafayette

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Jin Kocsis

Additional Committee Member 2

Baijian Yang

Additional Committee Member 3

Byung-Cheol Min

Additional Committee Member 4

Tonglin Zhang