ENGINEERING FLUORESCENT PROTEIN BIOSENSORS FOR INTERROGATING BIOLOGICALLY RELEVANT CHEMICAL SPECIES
Fluorescent proteins and the biosensors created with them have been used extensively to monitor chemical species inside and outside of the cell. They have been used to increase our knowledge of cellular function in normal and diseased states. Fluorescent biosensors are advantageous because they can be genetically encoded, do not require exogenous reagents, and can be quantitative. Fluorescent biosensors are also able to measure analytes with high spatial and temporal resolutions, enabling measurements at the scale of physiological events. In this thesis efforts have made to increase the available fluorescent biosensor tools for imaging cellular events. This work includes creation of new sensors for two molecules not yet detectable via fluorescent protein biosensor, acetylcholine and adenosine diphosphate. Efforts were also made to improve the current available biosensors for adenosine triphosphate and cellular redox, to make them more compatible with multiplex and deep tissue imaging. Here I present my work to design, characterize and utilize these fluorescent biosensors.