Purdue University Graduate School
PurdueThesis_Shiheng_Zhang.pdf (5.18 MB)

Energy-Dissipative Methods in Numerical Analysis, Optimization and Deep Neural Networks for Gradient Flows and Wasserstein Gradient Flows

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posted on 2023-12-05, 23:07 authored by Shiheng ZhangShiheng Zhang

This thesis delves into the development and integration of energy-dissipative methods, with applications spanning numerical analysis, optimization, and deep neural networks, primarily targeting gradient flows and porous medium equations. In the realm of optimization, we introduce the element-wise relaxed scalar auxiliary variable (E-RSAV) algorithm, showcasing its robustness and convergence through extensive numerical experiments. Complementing this, we design an Energy-Dissipative Evolutionary Deep Operator Neural Network (DeepONet) to numerically address a suite of partial differential equations. By employing a dual-subnetwork structure and utilizing the Scalar Auxiliary Variable (SAV) method, the network achieves impeccable approximations of operators while upholding the Energy Dissipation Law, even when training data comprises only the initial state. Lastly, we formulate first-order schemes tailored for Wasserstein gradient flows. Our schemes demonstrate remarkable properties, including mass conservation, unique solvability, positivity preservation, and unconditional energy dissipation. Collectively, the innovations presented here offer promising pathways for efficient and accurate numerical solutions in both gradient flows and Wasserstein gradient flows, bridging the gap between traditional optimization techniques and modern neural network methodologies.


Degree Type

  • Doctor of Philosophy


  • Mathematics

Campus location

  • West Lafayette

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Jie Shen

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee co-chair

Guang Lin

Additional Committee Member 2

Xiangxiong Zhang

Additional Committee Member 3

Suchuan (Steven) Dong