Purdue University Graduate School

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Experimental study of double-pulse laser micro sintering, ultrasound-assisted water-confined laser micromachining and laser-induced plasma

posted on 2023-04-29, 03:56 authored by Weidong LiuWeidong Liu

This dissertation presents research work related to laser micro sintering, laser micro machining and laser-induced plasma. Firstly, we present extensive experimental studies of double-pulse laser micro sintering (DP-LMS), which typically utilizes the high pressure generated by laser-induced plasma over the powder bed surface to promote molten flow and enhance densification. Chapter 2 shows a single-track experimental study of the DP-LMS process using cobalt powder. The related fundamental mechanisms and effects of different laser parameters on the sintering results are analyzed with the help of in-situ time-resolved temperature measurements. Chapter 3 shows a multi-track experimental study of the DP-LMS process using iron powder. The sintered materials are characterized via the top surface porosity, elemental composition, grain microstructure, nanohardness and metal phase. Three strategic guidelines for laser parameter selection are summarized in the end. Chapter 4 shows time-resolved imaging and OES measurements for plasma induced during DP-LMS. The plasma temperature and free electron number density are deduced by its optical emission spectra (OES). These three chapters have clearly demonstrated DP-LMS can produce much more continuous and densified materials than LMS only using the sintering or pressing laser pulses.

Then, we present laser micro grooving of silicon carbide (SiC) in Chapter 5 by ultrasound-assisted water-confined laser micromachining (UWLM), in comparison with laser machining in water without ultrasound and laser machining in air. UWLM applies in-situ ultrasound to the water-immersed workpiece surface to improve the machining quality and/or productivity. Time-resolved water pressure measurements are carried out to help analyze relevant mechanisms. It has been demonstrated UWLM can be a competitive approach to produce high-quality micro grooves on SiC. The crack problem appears to be effectively solved using a high pulse repetition rate.

Finally, we report a double-front phenomenon for plasma induced by high-intensity nanosecond laser ablation of aluminum in Chapter 6. An additional plasma front is observed via an intensified CCD (ICCD) camera, which propagates very fast at the beginning but stops propagating soon after the laser pulse mostly ends. Its formation could be caused by the inverse bremsstrahlung absorption of laser energy by the ionized ambient gas. Three possible mechanisms on how the ambient gas breakdown is initiated are proposed. 


NSF CMMI 1728481

NSF CMMI 1911361


Degree Type

  • Doctor of Philosophy


  • Mechanical Engineering

Campus location

  • West Lafayette

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Benxin Wu

Additional Committee Member 2

Yung C. Shin

Additional Committee Member 3

Martin Byung-Guk Jun

Additional Committee Member 4

Wenzhuo Wu