2021.7.27 JacobMilton_thesis_full_final.pdf (2.84 MB)
ION-MOLECULE REACTIONS STUDIED BY USING DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY CALCULATIONS AND MASS SPECTROMETRY FOR SATURATED HYDROCARBON ANALYSIS AND THE STUDY OF ORTHO- AND PARA-PYRIDYNES
thesisposted on 2021-07-27, 15:53 authored by Jacob R MiltonJacob R Milton
The work described herein is related to gas-phase ion-molecule reactions studied by using mass spectrometry. Chapter 2 describes density functional theory, a method used in chapters 4 and 5 to propose reaction mechanisms for reactions previously observed by others by using mass spectrometry. Chapter 3 describes a study that demonstrates that the fragmentation of saturated hydrocarbons occurs due to proton-transfer reactions that occur between these species and protonated molecules generated from molecules present in air such as nitrogen and water. Saturated hydrocarbons are studied in a wide variety of fields, and better methods to analyze complex mixtures of these compounds would facilitate their analysis. Chapter 4 discusses mechanisms of reactions for previously studied ion-molecule reactions of pyridynes studied by others by using mass spectrometry. Reactions of pyridynes are important to study arynes have been previously used in organic synthesis, and pyridine moieties are particularly common in biological compounds. Chapter 5 discusses density functional theory calculations used to determine why some organic polyradical undergo hydride abstractions from cyclohexane while others do not. The study discusses reactions taking place between both singlet and triplets states of the 2,5-didehydropyridinium cation and cyclohexane as a model, which are compared to reactions of the 2-pyridyl cation and 2-dehydropyridinium cation with cyclohexane. These studies may help improve our understanding of the reactivity-controlling factors of organic polyradicals, which may help improve toxic drug candidates like cytostatic enediynes.
- Doctor of Philosophy
- West Lafayette