LORA PERFORMANCE AND ITS PHY LAYER PARAMETERS IN 915MHZ ISM BAND IN INDOOR ENVIRONMENTS
How LoRa/LoRaWAN performance evaluation in various environmental scenarios has been an active research topic for researchers, and there are many existing works carried out in outdoor scenarios. On top of that, it is necessary to study how LoRa/LoRaWAN performs in indoor environments as one of the fast-growing IoT network mechanisms. However, few studies are found to work on LoRa and LoRaWAN performance evaluation in indoor scenarios. This study focuses on a real-world experiment to understand how LoRa radio signals behave according to its physical layer parameter settings.
Data is collected through real-world experiments in a campus environment. The experiments for data sample collection were conducted in September 2021 in the Purdue Campus area in West Lafayette, Indiana, United States. LoRa transceivers with the SX1276 module are deployed operating in the 915MHz frequency band on both LoRa RX and TX end nodes in this study. The data transmitted between LoRa transmitter and LoRa receiver is packet-sized (17 bytes) messages.
For data collection, LoRa module is configured with 36 PHY parameter settings – three spreading factors (7, 9, 11), three signal bandwidths (125kHz, 250kHz, 500kHz), and four coding rates (4/5, 4/6, 4/7, 4/8). Test devices are the Dragino LoRa shields equipped with SX1276 radio modules in 915MHz frequency bands. The experiment is conducted at three different distances – 10m, 20m, and 40m – between LoRa TX node and LoRa RX node in indoor office buildings in Purdue University West Lafayette Campus, US.
The RSSI and SNR are measured to characterize the link performance of Lora. The Received Signal Strength Indication (RSSI) and Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) are two Physical level indicators available on wireless radio chips. In addition to them, the LoRa communication reliability is calculated based on the Received Packet Ratio (RPR) out of transmitted packets with different PHY settings at each distance.