Laser-induced spark ignition in flowing gases
thesisposted on 22.07.2021, 17:44 by Seunghyun JoSeunghyun Jo
This research has been studied a laser-induced spark in flowing gases. The relationship between the minimum ignition energy (MIE), the turbulence intensity, and the flame kernel propagation speed is considered. Plasma emission, produced by the laser-induced spark, and flame kernel generation by the plasma are investigated. The energy balance equation between an ignition energy and energy losses by heat transfer is studied at laminar flows and turbulent flows. Hydrogen and air mixtures were used in a premixed jet burner for ignition experiments. Particle image velocimetry (PIV) examined the velocity and the turbulence intensity under the turbulent flows. The flame kernel development was visualized using Schlieren imaging and infrared images (IR camera). Flame kernel temperatures were measured through Rayleigh scattering and infrared images (IR camera). Plasma evaluations were captured through an intensified CCD camera (ICCD camera). Minimum ignition energies were measured at the laminar flows and the turbulent flows. The MIE decreases with an increase in the turbulence intensity which changed by ignition locations and perforated plates at the constant bulk velocity. Improved mixing rates due to the ignition locations or the geometry of the perforated plates decrease the MIE at the constant bulk velocity. The turbulence intensity increases wrinkles in the flame kernel surface, thus the contact between the flame kernel and reactants increases due to the wrinkles. Therefore, the flame kernel propagation speed increases as the turbulence intensity is higher since the increased reaction by the wrinkles and the contact. Thus, the MIE decreases as the turbulence intensity increases at the constant ignition condition, including bulk velocities and ignition heights, since the high turbulence intensity increases the flame kernel propagation speed. Laser energy differences affect the plasma expansions by the laser absorption. Laser-supported radiation (LSR) wave speeds were measured and calculated using energy balance equations. Velocity does not affect the flame kernel temperature distribution during the early reaction steps because the plasma generates a flame kernel and determines the flame kernel temperature distribution. The MIE increases with increasing the bulk velocity. The energy losses considering convection, conduction, and radiation were calculated using the flame kernel radius, the flame kernel temperature, mixture properties, and the flame speed. The energy balance equation in the ignition of flowing gases is newly written at the laminar flows and the turbulent flows.