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Low Cost Manufacturing of Wearable and Implantable Biomedical Devices

thesis
posted on 18.11.2020, 06:31 by Behnam SadriBehnam Sadri
Traditional fabrication methods used to manufacture biosensors for physiological, therapeutics, or health monitoring purposes are complex and rely on costly materials, which has hindered their adoption as single-use medical devices. The development of a new kind of wearable and implantable electronics relying on inexpensive materials for their manufacturing will pave the way towards the ubiquitous adoption of sticker-like health tracking devices.
One of growing and most promising applications for biosensors is the continuous health monitoring using mechanically soft, stretchable sensors. While these healthcare devices showed an excellent compatibility with human tissues, they still need highly trained personnel to perform multi-step, prolonged fabrication for several functioning layers of the device. In this dissertation, I propose low-cost, scalable, simple, and rapid manufacturing techniques to fabricate multifunctional epidermal and implantable sensors to monitor a range of biosignals including heart, muscle, or eye activity to characterizing of biofuids such as sweat. I have also used these devices as an implant to provide heat therapy for muscle regeneration and optical stimulation of neurons using optogenetics. These devices have also combined with those of triboelectric
nanogenerators to realize self-powered sensors for monitoring imperceptible mechanical biosignals such as respiratory and pulse rate.
Food health and safety has also emerged as another important frontier to develop biosensors and improve the human health and quality of life. The recent progresses on detecting microbial activity inside foods or their packages rely on development of highly functional materials. The existing materials for fabrication of food sensors, however,
are often costly and toxic for human health or the environment. In this dissertation, I proposed biocompatible food sensors using protein/PCL microfibers to reinforce the protein microfibrous structure in humid conditions and exploit their excellent hygroscopic properties to sense biogenic gas, as an indicator for early detection of food spoilage. Finally, my battery-free food sensors are capable of monitoring food safety with no need of extra measurement devices. Collectively, this dissertation proposes cost-effective solutions to solve human health issues, enabled by developing low-cost, functional materials and exploiting simple fabrication techniques.

History

Degree Type

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Industrial Engineering

Campus location

West Lafayette

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Ramses V. Martinez

Additional Committee Member 2

Chi Hwan Lee

Additional Committee Member 3

Jacqueline C. Linnes

Additional Committee Member 4

Wenzhuo Wu