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MECHANICAL PROPERTY AND DEFORMATION MECHANISMS OF NANOTWINNED ALUMINUM ALLOYS AND MULTILAYERS

thesis
posted on 10.09.2022, 03:07 authored by Yifan ZhangYifan Zhang

Aluminum (Al) alloys have been widely used in industry as light-weight structural materials. However, the mechanical strength of the strongest Al alloys is still much lower than most high-strength steels. This thesis aims to investigate the fabrication and mechanical behaviors of nanotwinned high-strength Al alloys and multilayers.

Twin boundaries are special grain boundaries with mirror symmetry. Twin boundaries can generate slip discontinuity and block the transmission of dislocations, and serve as dislocation sources to accommodate plasticity. However, twinning in Al is rare due to its high stacking fault energy and low unstable stacking fault energy. In this thesis, we used multiple methods to introduce high-density twins into Al and achieve outstanding mechanical properties and thermal stability.

Certain type of solutes can greatly increase the twin density in Al by decreasing the stacking fault energy of Al and retarding the detwinning process. Nanotwinned Al-Ni and Al-Ti binary alloys fabricated by magnetron sputtering show high strength, good deformability, and unique deformation mechanisms. Furthermore, deformation and thermal stability of binary nanotwinned Al alloys can be enhanced by adding a third or fourth solute element.

Interfaces can facilitate twin formation in Al as well. High-density twins and stacking faults were introduced into Al by using Al/Ti layer interfaces. Nanotwinned Al/Ti multilayers have ultra-high strength, superb deformability and thermal stability. This thesis provides promising pathways to fabricate Al alloys and composites with high strength and good thermal stability.

Funding

DE-SC0016337

History

Degree Type

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Materials Engineering

Campus location

West Lafayette

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Xinghang Zhang

Additional Committee Member 2

Carol A. Handwerker

Additional Committee Member 3

Gary Cheng

Additional Committee Member 4

Haiyan Wang