File(s) under embargo
Reason: My thesis contains unpublished works and patents
until file(s) become available
MECHANICAL PROPERTY AND DEFORMATION MECHANISMS OF NANOTWINNED ALUMINUM ALLOYS AND MULTILAYERS
Aluminum (Al) alloys have been widely used in industry as light-weight structural materials. However, the mechanical strength of the strongest Al alloys is still much lower than most high-strength steels. This thesis aims to investigate the fabrication and mechanical behaviors of nanotwinned high-strength Al alloys and multilayers.
Twin boundaries are special grain boundaries with mirror symmetry. Twin boundaries can generate slip discontinuity and block the transmission of dislocations, and serve as dislocation sources to accommodate plasticity. However, twinning in Al is rare due to its high stacking fault energy and low unstable stacking fault energy. In this thesis, we used multiple methods to introduce high-density twins into Al and achieve outstanding mechanical properties and thermal stability.
Certain type of solutes can greatly increase the twin density in Al by decreasing the stacking fault energy of Al and retarding the detwinning process. Nanotwinned Al-Ni and Al-Ti binary alloys fabricated by magnetron sputtering show high strength, good deformability, and unique deformation mechanisms. Furthermore, deformation and thermal stability of binary nanotwinned Al alloys can be enhanced by adding a third or fourth solute element.
Interfaces can facilitate twin formation in Al as well. High-density twins and stacking faults were introduced into Al by using Al/Ti layer interfaces. Nanotwinned Al/Ti multilayers have ultra-high strength, superb deformability and thermal stability. This thesis provides promising pathways to fabricate Al alloys and composites with high strength and good thermal stability.