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NONLINEAR OPTICAL METHODS AS APPLIED TO LARGE AND SMALL PHARMACEUTICAL MODALITIES

thesis
posted on 2022-07-28, 01:18 authored by Nita TakantiNita Takanti

The overall time and cost for a drug to go from the drug discovery to the consumer market is  significant,  showing  a  need  for  improved  drug  testing  and  discovery  methods.    Work  on nonlinear  optical  methods  for  both  small  active  pharmaceutical  ingredient  drug  formulation analysis and large biological therapeutic stability testing has been shown to improve testing times for formulation, stability and dissolution testing.  Herein, we review the existing and conventional approaches to address stability testing that the pharmaceutical industry uses, and how leveraging nonlinear optical (NLO) methods can improve the current challenges.  The specificity, sensitivity and low limit of detection of second harmonic generation is discussed in application to crystal formation in small-molecule active pharmaceutical ingredients.  The nonlinear optical methods second harmonic generation and two-photon excited ultraviolet fluorescence are directly compared to  ‘gold  standard’  powder  X-ray  diffraction,  which  is  commonly  used  for  measuring  crystal formation and growth of active pharmaceutical ingredients in amorphous solid dispersions.  In addition, the existing FRAP method (with multiple limitations) is improved upon with the ability to  perform  recovered  diffusion  coefficient  data  analysis  in  the  spatial  Fourier  domain.    The collective results discussed in this thesis are just a small subset of the total breadth of investigations marrying the new challenges in the pharmaceutical industry with the new NLO tools tailored to meet them

History

Degree Type

  • Doctor of Philosophy

Department

  • Chemistry

Campus location

  • West Lafayette

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Garth Simpson

Additional Committee Member 2

Hilkka I Kenttamaa

Additional Committee Member 3

Chi (Jesse) Zhang

Additional Committee Member 4

Lynne Taylor