Purdue University Graduate School

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posted on 2023-08-30, 20:14 authored by Shreyanil KarShreyanil Kar

This research presents a novel approach for object detection by integrating Vision Transformers (ViT) into the EfficientDet architecture. The field of computer vision, encompassing artificial intelligence, focuses on the interpretation and analysis of visual data. Recent advancements in deep learning, particularly convolutional neural networks (CNNs), have significantly improved the accuracy and efficiency of computer vision systems. Object detection, a widely studied application within computer vision, involves the identification and localization of objects in images.

The ViT backbone, renowned for its success in image classification and natural language processing tasks, employs self-attention mechanisms to capture global dependencies in input images. However, ViT’s capability to capture fine-grained details and context information is limited. To address this limitation, the integration of ViT into the EfficientDet architecture is proposed. EfficientDet is recognized for its efficiency and accuracy in object detection. By combining the strengths of ViT and EfficientDet, the proposed integration enhances the network’s ability to capture fine-grained details and context information. It leverages ViT’s global dependency modeling alongside EfficientDet’s efficient object detection framework, resulting in highly accurate and efficient performance. Noteworthy object detection frameworks utilized in the industry, such as RetinaNet, EfficientNet, and EfficientDet, primarily employ convolution.

Experimental evaluations were conducted using the PASCAL VOC 2007 and 2012 datasets, widely acknowledged benchmarks for object detection. The integrated ViT-EfficientDet model achieved an impressive mean Average Precision (mAP) score of 86.27% when tested on the PASCAL VOC 2007 dataset, demonstrating its superior accuracy. These results underscore the potential of the proposed integration for real-world applications.

In conclusion, the research introduces a novel integration of Vision Transformers into the EfficientDet architecture, yielding significant improvements in object detection performance. By combining ViT’s ability to capture global dependencies with EfficientDet’s efficiency and accuracy, the proposed approach offers enhanced object detection capabilities. Future research directions may explore additional datasets and evaluate the performance of the proposed framework across various computer vision tasks.


Degree Type

  • Master of Science


  • Electrical and Computer Engineering

Campus location

  • Indianapolis

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Mohamed A. El-Sharkawy

Additional Committee Member 2

Brian S. King

Additional Committee Member 3

Maher E. Rizkalla