Purdue University Graduate School
Vaibhav_Ahire_Thesis_MSME_May2021.pdf (5.3 MB)


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posted on 2021-05-10, 15:18 authored by Vaibhav Kailas AhireVaibhav Kailas Ahire

Stringent regulatory requirements and modern diesel engine technologies have engaged automotive manufacturers and researchers in accurately predicting and controlling diesel engine-out emissions. As a result, engine control systems have become more complex and opaquer, increasing the development time and costs. To address this challenge, Model-based control methods are an effective way to deal with the criticality of the system study and controls. And physics-based combustion engine modeling is a key to achieve it. This thesis focuses on development and validation of a physics-based model for both engine and emissions using model-based design tools from MATLAB & Simulink. Engine model equipped with exhaust gas circulation and variable geometry turbine is adopted from the previously done work which was then integrated with the combustion and emission model that predicts the heat release rates and NOx emission from engine. Combustion model is designed based on the mass fraction burnt from CA10 to CA90 and then NOx predicted using the extended Zeldovich mechanism. The engine models are tuned for both steady state and dynamics test points to account for engine operating range from the performance data. Various engine and combustion parameters are estimated using parameter estimation toolbox from MATLAB and Simulink by applying least squared solver to minimize the error between measured and estimated variables. This model is validated against the virtual engine model developed in GT-power for Cummins 6.7L turbo diesel engine. To account the harmonization of the testing cycles to save engine development time globally, a world harmonized stationary cycle (WHSC) is used for the validation. Sub-systems are validated individually as well as in loop with a complete model for WHSC. Engine model validation showed promising accuracy of more than 88.4 percent in average for the desired parameters required for the NOx prediction. NOx estimation is accurate for the cycle except warm up and cool down phase. However, NOx prediction during these phases is limited due to actual NOx measured data for tuning the model for real time NOx estimation. Results are summarized at the end to compare the trend of NOx estimation from the developed combustion and emission model to show the accuracy of in-cylinder parameters and required for the NOx estimation.


Degree Type

  • Master of Science


  • Mechanical Engineering

Campus location

  • Indianapolis

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Dr. Ali Razban

Additional Committee Member 2

Dr. Sohel Anwar

Additional Committee Member 3

Dr. Hazim El-Mounayri