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Path Following Control of Automated Vehicle Considering Model Uncertainties External Disturbances and Parametric Varying
Automated Vehicle Path Following Control (PFC) is an advanced control system that can regulate the vehicle into a collision-free region in the presence of other objects on the road. Common collision avoidance functions, such as forward collision warning and automatic emergency braking, have recently been developed and equipped on production vehicles. However, it is impossible to develop a perfectly precise vehicle model when the vehicle is driving. The most PFC did not consider uncertainties in the vehicle model, external disturbances, and parameter variations at the same time. To address the issues associated with this important feature and function in autonomous driving, a new vehicle PFC is proposed using a robust model predictive control (MPC) design technique based on matrix inequality and the theoretical approach of the hybrid $\&$ switched system. The proposed methodology requires a combination of continuous and discrete states, e.g. regulating the continuous states of the AV (e.g., velocity and yaw angle) and discrete switching of the control strategy that affects the dynamic behaviors of the AV under different driving speeds. Firstly, considering bounded model uncertainties, norm-bounded external disturbances, the system states and control matrices are modified. In addition, the vehicle time-varying longitudinal speed is considered, and a vehicle lateral dynamic model based on Linear Parameter Varying (LPV) is established by utilizing a polytope with finite vertices. Then the Min-Max robust MPC state feedback control law is obtained at every timestamp by solving a set of matrix inequalities which are derived from Lyapunov stability and the minimization of the worst-case in infinite-horizon quadratic objective function. Compared to adaptive MPC, nonlinear MPC, and cascade LPV control, the proposed robust LPV MPC shows improved tracing accuracy along vehicle lateral dynamics. Finally, the state feedback switched LPV control theory with separate Lyapunov functions under both arbitrary switching and average-dwell-time (ADT) switching conditions are studied and applied to cover the path following control in full speed range. Numerical examples, tracking effectiveness, and convergence analysis are provided to demonstrate and ensure the control effectiveness and strong robustness of the proposed algorithms.