Purdue University Graduate School
Redox Active Ligands To Facilitate Reactivity From Redox Restricted Metals.pdf (2.33 MB)

Redox Active Ligands To Facilitate Reactivity From Redox Restricted Metals

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posted on 2021-07-29, 23:35 authored by Matthew C HewittMatthew C Hewitt
The synthesis of metal-redox active ligand complexes is described, along with reactivity studies aimed at facilitating novel C-N bond forming reactions. A copper bis(iminosemiquinone) structure is characterized, analyzed and its reduction series are characterized and the reactivity of the Cu(II) bis(amidophenolate) analog is investigated with tosyl azide. The identification of the major reaction product and its characterization is detailed, with reaction sensitivities and heavily distorted x-ray diffraction single crystal structure generating a complex data set. The characterization of the isolated product is ongoing, with EPR studies aimed at identifying the radical nature of the complex. Unusual solvent effects and solubility issues have been noted with these initial EPR studies and more data is necessary before analysis can be properly attempted. An ytterbium bis(amidophenolate) complex was synthesized and its reactivity studied with aryl azides. Initial reactivities generate the first documented lanthanide tetrazenes in-lieu of the targeted ytterbium imido. Reactivities and characterization of these complexes support a stable, heavily ionic tetrazene-metal complex with no observed redox nature, UV light sensitivities, or imido azide-tetrazene equilibrium observed in various tetrazene transition metal complexes. Synthesis of a sterically blocked ytterbium imido was attempted, utilizing DMAP. Initial isolation was achieved with characterization and reactivity studies supporting the imido nature of the complex. The weak coordinating of the DMAP provided instability that proved in opposition to crystallization, however, so the imido could not be confirmed. Initial reactions using alternative steric hinderance from triphenylphosphine oxide and pyridine N-oxide prove promising to increasing the stability of the presumed ytterbium imido. Organic synthesis was performed generating a potential antibacterial agent. The synthesis of cyclopropenes was initiated as antagonists for ETR proteins in fruits and plants. The intermediates proved highly sensitive to harsh chemical conditions, which was overcome utilizing a tin-mediated Barbier allylation. The cyclopropene alcohol synthon was synthesized, though protecting group optimization is necessary.


Degree Type

  • Doctor of Philosophy


  • Chemistry

Campus location

  • West Lafayette

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Suzanne C. Bart

Additional Committee Member 2

Christopher Uyeda

Additional Committee Member 3

Herman O. Sintim

Additional Committee Member 4

Arun Ghosh