TRANSDIMENSIONAL PLASMONIC TITANIUM NITRIDE FOR TAILORABLE NANOPHOTONICS
In the realm of tunable optical devices, 3D nanostructures with metals and dielectrics have been utilized in a wide variety of practical applications ranging from optical switching to beam-steering devices. 2D materials, on the other hand, have enabled the exploration of truly new physics unattainable with 3D systems due to quantum confinement leading to unique optical properties and enhanced light-matter interactions. Transdimensional materials (TDMs) – atomically thin films of metals – can couple the robustness of 3D nanostructures with the new physics enabled by 2D features. However, the evolution of the optical properties in the transdimensional regime between 3D and 2D is still underexplored. The optical properties of metallic TDMs are expected to show unprecedented tailorability, including strong dependences on the film thickness, composition, strain, and surface termination. They also have an increased sensitivity to external optical and electrical perturbations, owing to their extraordinary light-confinement. Additionally, the small atomic thicknesses may lead to strongly confined surface plasmons and quantum and nonlocal phenomena. The strong tunability and light-confinement offered by TDMs have resulted in a search for atomically thin plasmonic material platforms that facilitate active metasurfaces with novel functionalities in the visible and near infrared (NIR) range. In this research, we explore the plasmonic properties and tailorability of atomically thin titanium nitride (TiN). We experimentally and theoretically study the thickness-dependent optical properties of epitaxial TiN films with thicknesses down to 1 nm to demonstrate confinement induced optical properties. Overall, this research demonstrates the potential of TDMs for unlocking novel optical phenomena at visible and NIR wavelengths and realizing a new generation of atomically thin tunable nanophotonic devices.
TRANS-DIMENSIONAL PHOTONICS: FROM EVOLUTION OF MATERIAL PROPERTIES TO EXPLORING EXTREME REGIMES OF LIGHT-MATTER INTERACTIONS
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