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Adaptive MCMC is advantageous over traditional MCMC due to its ability to automatically adjust its proposal distributions during the sampling process, providing improved sampling efficiency and faster convergence to the target distribution, especially in complex or high-dimensional problems. However, designing and validating the adaptive scheme cautiously is crucial to ensure algorithm validity and prevent the introduction of biases. This dissertation focuses on the use of Adaptive MCMC for deep learning, specifically addressing the mode collapse issue in Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) and implementing Fiducial inference, and its application to Causal inference in individual treatment effect problems.
First, GAN was recently introduced in the literature as a novel machine learning method for training generative models. However, GAN is very difficult to train due to the issue of mode collapse, i.e., lack of diversity among generated data. We figure out the reason why GAN suffers from this issue and lay out a new theoretical framework for GAN based on randomized decision rules such that the mode collapse issue can be overcome essentially. Under the new theoretical framework, the discriminator converges to a fixed point while the generator converges to a distribution at the Nash equilibrium.
Second, Fiducial inference was generally considered as R.A. Fisher's a big blunder, but the goal he initially set, making inference for the uncertainty of model parameters on the basis of observations, has been continually pursued by many statisticians. By leveraging on advanced statistical computing techniques such as stochastic approximation Markov chain Monte Carlo, we develop a new statistical inference method, the so-called extended Fiducial inference, which achieves the initial goal of fiducial inference.
Lastly, estimating ITE is important for decision making in various fields, particularly in health research where precision medicine is being investigated. Conditional average treatment effect (CATE) is often used for such purpose, but uncertainty quantification and explaining the variability of predicted ITE is still needed for fair decision making. We discuss using extended Fiducial inference to construct prediction intervals for ITE, and introduces a double neural net algorithm for efficient prediction and estimation of nonlinear ITE.
- Doctor of Philosophy
- West Lafayette