Transient Response of Gas-Liquid Injectors Subjected to Transverse Detonation Waves
A series of experimental tests were performed to study the transient response of gas/liquid injectors exposed to transverse detonation waves. A total of four acrylic injectors were tested to compare the response between gas/liquid and liquid only injectors, as well as compare the role of various geometric features of the notional injector design. Detonation waves are produced through the combustion of ethylene and oxygen, at conditions to produce average wave pressures between 128 and 199 psi. The injectors utilize water and nitrogen to simulate the injection of liquid and gaseous propellants respectively. Quantification of injector refill times was possible through the use of a high-speed camera recording at a frame rate of 460,000 frames per second. High frequency pressure measurements in both the gaseous and liquid manifolds allow for quantification of the temporal pressure response of the injectors. Variations in simulant mass flow rates, measured through the use of sonic nozzles and cavitating venturis, produce pressure drops up to 262 psi across the injector. Injector refill times are found to be a strong function of the impulse delivered across the injector. Manifold acoustics were found to play a large role in injector response as manifolds that promote manifold over-pressurizations during the injector recovery period recover quicker than designs that limit this response.