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Transition-metal catalyzed cyclization reactions

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Transition-metal catalyzed cyclization reactions

thesis
posted on 2022-11-11, 14:10 authored by Pedro De Andrade HornPedro De Andrade Horn

  

A historically important reaction, the Ueno-Stork reaction promotes, through the use of toxic organotin species, the cyclization of a haloacetal onto an alkene generating bicyclic acetals. This reaction has been used over the years in several total syntheses of biologically relevant natural products, especially the prostaglandin class of natural products. Herein, will be described the development of a novel nickel-catalyzed Ueno-Stork cyclization reaction, which no toxic organotin and radical promoters are used, and instead a greener, operationally friendly, and non-toxic earth abundant nickel catalyst is applied. Optimization studies, substrate scope, scalability, relative stereochemistry of the bicyclic acetals, as well as derivatization of the products were studied. Furthermore, the newly developed reaction was applied on the total synthesis of tricyclic-PGDM Methyl ester, a prostaglandin D2 metabolite of important clinical relevance that currently suffers from material supply issues.

Cyclopropanol ring opening reactions have different reactivity modes. Either a metal homoenolate species or a b-keto radical species can be formed after ring opening depending on the reaction conditions applied. More specifically, hydroxycyclopropanols have been studied to access several important motifs present in an array of natural products and medicinally important molecules. The Dai group has used this strategy to access several motifs through intramolecular trapping of the homoenolate species with and without the presence of carbon monoxide to generate oxaspirolactones, THF/THP-fused bicyclic lactones, and disubstituted THF/THP heterocycles. Herein, it will be discussed the application of similar concepts to access new classes of heterocycles 4-ketovalerolactones and 3-furanones. The optimization of two reaction conditions to selectively synthesize each product starting from the same starting material was studied. Furthermore, the substrate scope, scale-up, and derivatization studies of each motif will be disclosed. 

History

Degree Type

  • Doctor of Philosophy

Department

  • Chemistry

Campus location

  • West Lafayette

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Mingji Dai

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee co-chair

Christopher Uyeda

Additional Committee Member 2

Abram Axelrod

Additional Committee Member 3

Elizabeth Parkinson