Values of Ramanujan's Continued Fractions Arising as Periodic Points of Algebraic Functions
The main focus of this dissertation is to find and explain the periodic points of certain algebraic functions that are related to some modular functions, which themselves can be represented by continued fractions. Some of these continued fractions are first explored by Srinivasa Ramanujan in early 20th century. Later on, much work has been done in terms of studying the continued fractions, and proving several relations, identities, and giving different representations for them.
The layout of this report is as follows. Chapter 1 has all the basic background knowledge and ingredients about algebraic number theory, class field theory, Ramanujan’s theta functions, etc. In Chapter 2, we look at the Ramanujan-Göllnitz-Gordon continued fraction that we call v(τ) and evaluate it at certain arguments in the field K = Q(√−d), with −d ≡ 1 (mod 8), in which the ideal (2) = ℘2℘′2 is a product of two prime ideals. We prove several identities related to itself and with other modular functions. Some of these are new, while some of them are known but with different proofs. These values of v(τ) are shown to generate the inertia field of ℘2 or ℘′2 in an extended ring class field over the field K. The conjugates over Q of these same values, together with 0, −1 ± √2, are shown to form the exact set of periodic points of a fixed algebraic function ˆF(x), independent of d. These are analogues of similar results for the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fraction. See  and . This joint work with my advisor Dr. Morton, is submitted for publication to the New York Journal.
In Chapters 3 and 4, we take a similar approach in studying two more continued fractions c(τ) and u(τ), the first of which is more commonly known as the Ramanujan’s cubic continued fraction. We show what fields a value of this continued fraction generates over Q, and we describe how the periodic points for described functions arise as values of these continued fractions. Then in the last chapter, we summarise all these results, give some possible directions for future research as well as mentioning some conjectures.
- Doctor of Philosophy