Water-Mediated Interactions Through the Lens of Raman Multivariate Curve Resolution
thesisposted on 06.05.2021, 14:27 by Denilson Mendes de OliveiraDenilson Mendes de Oliveira
Raman multivariate curve resolution (Raman-MCR) spectroscopy is used to study water-mediated interactions by decomposing Raman spectra of aqueous solutions into bulk water and solute-correlated (SC) spectral components. The SC spectra are minimum-area difference spectra that reveal solute-induced perturbations of water structure, including changes in water hydrogen-bonding strength, tetrahedral structure, and formation of dangling (non-hydrogen-bonded) OH defects in a solute's hydration shell. Additionally, Raman-active intramolecular vibrational modes of the solute may be used to uncover complementary information regarding solute--solute interactions. Herein, Raman-MCR is applied to address fundamental questions related to: (1) confined cavity water and its connection to host-guest binding, (2) hydrophobic hydration of fluorinated solutes, (3) specific ion effects on nonionic micelle formation, and (4) ion pairing in aqueous solutions.