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CATALYTIC STEREOSELECTIVE β–ELIMINATION REACTIONS USING COBALT VINYLIDENES

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Catalytic STEREOSELECTIVE β–Elimination Reactions using Cobalt Vinylidenes

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posted on 2024-03-08, 15:07 authored by Vibha Vijayakumar KanaleVibha Vijayakumar Kanale

Ring strain is the driving force for numerous ring-opening reactions of three- and four-membered heterocycles. By comparison, five-membered heterocycles lack this thermodynamic driving force. As a result, only a few methods exist for the ring-opening of five-membered heterocycles using transition metal catalysts. For unstrained and unactivated 2,5-dihydrofurans this is achieved via a β-O elimination process, wherein, gaining selectivity over a competing β-H elimination is challenging. We report a novel strategy for the asymmetric ring-opening of 2,5-dihydrofurans with dichloroalkenes utilizing an earth-abundant cobalt catalyst. We propose that the dichloroalkenes form reactive vinylidene intermediates with the chiral catalyst, followed by a [2+2] cycloaddition with the heterocyclic alkene. This cobaltacyclobutane exclusively undergoes an outer-sphere β-O elimination assisted by zinc halide. Alternative inner-sphere β-O and β-H elimination pathways are inaccessible from this four-membered metallacycle. This is followed by a transmetallation step to form a zinc metallacycle, which subsequently gives rise to homoallylic alcohols, upon quenching, with high diastero- and enantioselectivity. Additionally, the organozinc intermediate can be trapped in situ by various electrophiles for further derivatizations. DFT model predicts the origin of the high diastereo- as well as enantioselectivity observed in the reaction.

Furthermore, the cobaltacyclobutane intermediate serves as a dynamic platform, facilitating access to a diverse array of products depending on the alkene partners employed. Utilizing chiral allylic alcohols as alkene partners leads to the translation of stereochemical information enabling the stereospecific synthesis of both E- and Z-isomers of alkenes. Alkenes are important motifs found in various natural products and bioactive compounds. A catalytic approach for the precise control of the alkene geometry is highly valuable since the stereochemistry of alkenes plays a pivotal role in determining the properties of molecules. Our strategy provides access to organozinc dienes which could be functionalized further to form highly substituted 1,4-skipped dienes. Additionally, meso-diols can undergo a desymmetrizing β-O elimination from the cobaltacyclobutane intermediate yielding chiral cyclopentenols with contiguous stereocenters

History

Degree Type

  • Doctor of Philosophy

Department

  • Chemistry

Campus location

  • West Lafayette

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Dr. Christopher Uyeda, Chair

Additional Committee Member 2

Dr. Mingji Dai

Additional Committee Member 3

Dr. Alexander Wei

Additional Committee Member 4

Dr. Elizabeth Parkinson

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