Purdue University Graduate School
Shelby Peterkin final.pdf (1.27 MB)

Ion Isolation And Gas-Phase Charge Reduction For The Analysis of Protein Mixtures

Download (1.27 MB)
posted on 2024-04-08, 16:21 authored by Shelby Shannon PeterkinShelby Shannon Peterkin

While electrospray ionization facilitates the mass determination of smaller analytes, ESI of macromolecular native protein complexes is complicated by narrow charge state distributions and overlapping charge states, hindering mass analysis. This problem is further exacerbated with heterogeneous protein mixtures that yield ions of similar m/z values. Charge-reduction of a selected precursor population via ion/ion reaction provides further m/z separation and utilizes an extended mass range, allowing for mass determination. All experiments were performed on a TripleTOF 5600 quadrupole TOF mass spectrometer (SCIEX), modified for ion/ion reactions. Alternatively pulsed nano-electrospray ionization allowed for sequential injection of reagent and analyte ions. Selected cations were reacted with different anions, and charge-reduced product ions were mass analyzed on a TOF with modifications and tuning for an extended m/z range of 200,000+. Charge reduction via proton transfer reaction (PTR) involves a perfluorinated anion reacting with a multiply charged cation and results in the loss of one proton removal at a time. Through multiple iterations of PTR, the overlapping charge states of protein ions (from an unstained protein standard mixture consisting of 12 recombinant proteins of masses10kDa-200kDa) within the m/z 6500-8500 and m/z 4000-5000 ranges, generated under native conditions by ESI, transforms to a product spectrum with single-digit charge states, thereby deconvoluting the precursor “blob”.


Degree Type

  • Master of Science


  • Chemistry

Campus location

  • West Lafayette

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Scott McLuckey

Additional Committee Member 2

Shalini Low-Nam

Additional Committee Member 3

Julia Laskin

Usage metrics



    Ref. manager