Purdue University Graduate School
Hickman PhD 2021_fin.pdf (2.03 MB)

Algorithmic Ability Prediction in Video Interviews

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posted on 2021-08-04, 14:09 authored by Louis Hickman
Automated video interviews (AVIs) use machine learning algorithms to predict interviewee personality traits and social skills, and they are increasingly being used in industry. The present study examines the possibility of expanding the scope and utility of these approaches by developing and testing AVIs that score ability from interviewee verbal, paraverbal, and nonverbal behavior in video interviews. To advance our understanding of whether AVI ability assessments are useful, I develop AVIs that predict ability (GMA, verbal ability, and interviewer-rated intellect) and investigate their reliability (i.e., inter-algorithm reliability, internal consistency across interview questions, and test retest reliability). Then, I investigate the convergent and discriminant-related validity evidence as well as potential ethnic and gender bias of such predictions. Finally, based on the Brunswik lens model, I compare how ability test scores, AVI ability assessments, and interviewer ratings of ability relate to interviewee behavior. By exploring how ability relates to behavior and how ability ratings from both AVIs and interviewers relate to behavior, the study advances our understanding of how ability affects interview performance and the cues that interviewers use to judge ability.


AI-DCL: Collaborative Research: EAGER: Understanding and Alleviating Potential Biases in Large Scale Employee Selection Systems: The Case of Automated Video Interviews

Directorate for Computer & Information Science & Engineering

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Degree Type

  • Doctor of Philosophy


  • Psychological Sciences

Campus location

  • West Lafayette

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Sien Chieh Tay

Additional Committee Member 2

Sang Eun Woo

Additional Committee Member 3

Q. Chelsea Song

Additional Committee Member 4

Michael A. Campion