Purdue University Graduate School
Community Detection of Anomaly in Large-Scale Network Dissertation - Adefolarin Bolaji_.pdf (3.07 MB)

Community Detection of Anomaly in Large-Scale Network Dissertation - Adefolarin Bolaji .pdf

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posted on 2021-04-29, 17:30 authored by Adefolarin Alaba BolajiAdefolarin Alaba Bolaji

The detection of anomalies in real-world networks is applicable in different domains; the application includes, but is not limited to, credit card fraud detection, malware identification and classification, cancer detection from diagnostic reports, abnormal traffic detection, identification of fake media posts, and the like. Many ongoing and current researches are providing tools for analyzing labeled and unlabeled data; however, the challenges of finding anomalies and patterns in large-scale datasets still exist because of rapid changes in the threat landscape.

In this study, I implemented a novel and robust solution that combines data science and cybersecurity to solve complex network security problems. I used Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) model, Louvain algorithm, and PageRank algorithm to identify and group anomalies in large-scale real-world networks. The network has billions of packets. The developed model used different visualization techniques to provide further insight into how the anomalies in the network are related.

Mean absolute error (MAE) and root mean square error (RMSE) was used to validate the anomaly detection models, the results obtained for both are 5.1813e-04 and 1e-03 respectively. The low loss from the training phase confirmed the low RMSE at loss: 5.1812e-04, mean absolute error: 5.1813e-04, validation loss: 3.9858e-04, validation mean absolute error: 3.9858e-04. The result from the community detection shows an overall modularity value of 0.914 which is proof of the existence of very strong communities among the anomalies. The largest sub-community of the anomalies connects 10.42% of the total nodes of the anomalies.

The broader aim and impact of this study was to provide sophisticated, AI-assisted countermeasures to cyber-threats in large-scale networks. To close the existing gaps created by the shortage of skilled and experienced cybersecurity specialists and analysts in the cybersecurity field, solutions based on out-of-the-box thinking are inevitable; this research was aimed at yielding one of such solutions. It was built to detect specific and collaborating threat actors in large networks and to help speed up how the activities of anomalies in any given large-scale network can be curtailed in time.


Degree Type

  • Doctor of Philosophy


  • Computer and Information Technology

Campus location

  • West Lafayette

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Dr. John Springer

Additional Committee Member 2

Dr. James Eric Dietz

Additional Committee Member 3

Dr. Jin Kocsis

Additional Committee Member 4

Dr. Vetria Byrd