Machine Learning for Speech Forensics and Hypersonic Vehicle Applications
Synthesized speech may be used for nefarious purposes, such as fraud, spoofing, and misinformation campaigns. We present several speech forensics methods based on deep learning to protect against such attacks. First, we use a convolutional neural network (CNN) and transformers to detect synthesized speech. Then, we investigate closed set and open set speech synthesizer attribution. We use a transformer to attribute a speech signal to its source (i.e., to identify the speech synthesizer that created it). Additionally, we show that our approach separates different known and unknown speech synthesizers in its latent space, even though it has not seen any of the unknown speech synthesizers during training. Next, we explore machine learning for an objective in the aerospace domain.
Compared to conventional ballistic vehicles and cruise vehicles, hypersonic glide vehicles (HGVs) exhibit unprecedented abilities. They travel faster than Mach 5 and maneuver to evade defense systems and hinder prediction of their final destinations. We investigate machine learning for identifying different HGVs and a conic reentry vehicle (CRV) based on their aerodynamic state estimates. We also propose a HGV flight phase prediction method. Inspired by natural language processing (NLP), we model flight phases as “words” and HGV trajectories as “sentences.” Next, we learn a “grammar” from the HGV trajectories that describes their flight phase transition patterns. Given “words” from the initial part of a HGV trajectory and the “grammar”, we predict future “words” in the “sentence” (i.e., future HGV flight phases in the trajectory). We demonstrate that this approach successfully predicts future flight phases for HGV trajectories, especially in scenarios with limited training data. We also show that it can be used in a transfer learning scenario to predict flight phases of HGV trajectories that exhibit new maneuvers and behaviors never seen before during training.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) under agreement number FA8750-20-2-1004
Lockheed Martin Corporation
- Doctor of Philosophy
- Electrical and Computer Engineering
- West Lafayette