# Stability for functional and geometric inequalities and a stochastic representation of fractional integrals and nonlocal operators

The dissertation consists of two research topics.

The first research direction is to study stability of functional and geometric inequalities. Stability problem is to estimate the deficit of a functional or geometric inequality in terms of the distance from the class of optimizers or a functional that identifies the optimizers. In particular, we investigate the logarithmic Sobolev inequality, the Beckner-Hirschman inequality (the entropic uncertainty principle), and isoperimetric type inequalities for the expected lifetime of Brownian motion.

The second topic of the thesis is a stochastic representation of fractional integrals and nonlocal operators. We extend the Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequality to symmetric Markov semigroups. To this end, we construct a stochastic representation of the fractional integral using the background radiation process. The inequality follows from a new inequality for the fractional Littlewood-Paley square function. We also prove the Hardy-Stein identity for non-symmetric pure jump Levy processes and the L^p boundedness of a certain class of Fourier multiplier operators arising from non-symmetric pure jump Levy processes. The proof is based on Ito's formula for general jump processes and the symmetrization of Levy processes.